The curtains use the power of algae to absorb carbon dioxide from the air. In the present study, freshwater algal species were isolated and identified for CO2 capture, such as Hydrodictyon, Spirogyra, Oscillatoria, Oedogonium and Chlorella from freshwater taken from pond in the coal mining area of Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India. This has a negative effect, because most algae grow best at a pH level between roughly 7 and 8. CO2 Capture for Industries by Algae, Algae, Yee Keung Wong, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.81800. They are not dependent on agricultural land, fertilisation or freshwater. Almost equal growth was observed (visually) up to 7 days. The algal strains were screened based on different parameters like fast growth rate, high rate of photosynthesis, strong tolerance to the trace constituents of other gases (gaseous hydrocarbons, NOx, SOx, etc. Opening an option for a net carbon sink, the technology tackles the problem of atmospheric warming at the root. In the process of photosynthesis – plants or trees use energy from the sun to turn carbon dioxide into oxygen – here, the aquatic plant algae suck up carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight to grow and produce energy. HeadquartersIntechOpen Limited5 Princes Gate Court,London, SW7 2QJ,UNITED KINGDOM. Algae-based carbon di-oxide (CO2) sequestration has gained more interest due to its capability to utilize CO2 as carbon source, higher photosynthetic efficiency, high CO2 fixation capacities and optimal culture condition, higher growth rates than conventional crop plants and biomass produced can be used as a feedstock for other value added products such as biofuel and chemicals [1]. The bicarbo-nate is subsequently dehydrated, either spontaneously or by carbonic anhydrase, and the … +++: luxuriant growth; ++: moderate growth; +: mild growth. The increased usage of fossil fuels has led to increase in the concentration of CO2, which is a greenhouse gas responsible for global warming. A University of York researcher has been awarded a Future Leaders Fellowship from UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) to investigate how algae converts carbon dioxide into organic molecules during photosynthesis. Plant’s ability to absorb CO2and nutrients depends on the light it gets. The acidity level is a highly critical factor – if the pH moves outside the desired zone, then the algae tend to flocculate. But they can absorb more CO2 and they grow much faster: 1m3 of algae culture is equivalent to 100m2 of forest in carbon capture. This also makes the process clearly superior to carbon capture and storage (CCS) in the underground.". Algae are receiving wide attention as a source of biomass protein for use in animal feeds and foods [3, 4]. It’s based on principles of collaboration, unobstructed discovery, and, most importantly, scientific progression. Thanks to their strength, they save on cement, and granite reinforced with carbon fiber can even be used to produce beams that have the same load-bearing capacity as steel but are as lightweight as aluminum. Its front and back windows are made of glass plates. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. The increased usage of fossil fuels has led to increase in the concentration of CO2, which is a greenhouse gas responsible for global warming. A drastic increase in chlorophyll content was observed in salt containing Mg++, Mn+2 ions. Click here to sign in with Different process parameters were optimized such as pH, light and temperature, nutrient media, culture condition, inoculum volume, inoculum concentration, etc. The photo-bioreactor is equipped with semiconductor light sensor for measuring fluorescence emission and suspension optical density by attenuation of light that was emitting from the LEDs. By Vetrivel Anguselvi, Reginald Ebhin Masto, Ashis Mukherjee and Pradeep Kumar Singh, Submitted: April 23rd 2018Reviewed: October 2nd 2018Published: May 29th 2019. *Address all correspondence to: vaselvi@yahoo.com. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Greenhouse gas emissions by industries and human activities make the planet warmer. The algae (Oscillatoria) died in salt containing Ag+. "When you make plastics from carbon dioxide, it is quickly returned to the atmosphere through waste incineration plants following a few years of use," says Kuse. The study exclusively relates to integrated methods and systems for utilizing 99.9% CO2 as a nutrient carbon source along with modified growth media derived from coal mine water for filamentous cyanobacteria culture. These algae grow on rocky surfaces where their fronds can’t be buried in soil or sediment. ++: moderate growth; +: mild growth. But scientists, and the brewers at Young Henrys are using algae to offset emissions. light, CO2, and nutrients in a balanced quantity. Higher CO2 capture capacity observed in Oscillatoria from 16 to 32 h (Figure 6). Photo-bioreactors act as closed pond system that are used for microalgae cultivation, as they can reduce contamination risk from unwanted algae, mold, and bacteria; control temperature; minimize water evaporation; and reduce carbon dioxide losses. Algae fuel will have a significant energy return on investment, consume waste CO2 and can be grown in saltwater on marginal lands MINNEAPOLIS (September 19, 2013) –Algae-derived biofuel can reduce life cycle CO2 emissions by 50 to 70 percent compared to petroleum fuels, and is approaching a similar Energy Return on Investment (EROI) as conventional […] Microalgae growth and composition are affected by several process parameters. Thus, any value addition achieved through such route could also provide solutions to the other major problem viz. Algae take CO2 from the Earth’s atmosphere through photosynthesis in the same way that plants and trees do. You can unsubscribe at any time and we'll never share your details to third parties. The bottom of the cultivation vessel is made of stainless steel and contains a thermal bridge that helps heat transfer between a Peltier cell in the instrument base and the culture suspension. 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