Between 1998 and 2015, a total of 416 tissue samples (~2 cm 2) of the mountainous star coral, Orbicella faveolata, were collected from 10 sites that span the extent of the wider Caribbean seascape (Figure 1a, Table 1). These mountainous star coral colonies have endured a global bleaching event in 2015, a Category-4 hurricane (Irma) in 2017, and the 2019 outbreak at this site of stony coral tissue loss disease, which has affected millions of reef corals across Florida’s Coral Reef and beyond. Distributions of the 15 ESA-listed Indo-Pacific Coral Species, Field Identification Guide to the Threatened Corals of the U.S. Pacific Islands. For each action, we asked experts for each species to assess the extent to which that action is being carried out and how much of the species’ range that action occurs in. 14 Aug 2019. Observations. In particular, populations of the major framework-building coral Orbicella faveolata have declined sharply, and therefore, understanding how these threatened coral populations are interconnected and how … Juvenile corals are rather mundane, while adult colonies can grow to an impressive size. Sarasota, United States. On Aug. 9 and 10, Koch and other scientists observed the colonies of mountainous star coral, technically known as Orbicella faveolata, releasing their gametes into the water column. They have several uniform lines running from the top of the corallite, giving it a star like appearance. Endangered Species Act, helps form the backbone of Florida’s Coral Reef. Mountainous star coral is listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. For each key category of conservation action, we calculated a conservation attention score based on expert information. Mountainous star coral . Contact, chat, social media. These mountainous star coral colonies have endured a global bleaching event in 2015, a Category-4 hurricane (Irma) in 2017, and the 2019 outbreak at this site of stony coral tissue loss disease, which has affected millions of reef corals across Florida’s Coral Reef and beyond. Scientific Name: Orbicella faveolata. Instead, focus on the colony shape and size. Specifically, samples from the Bahamas and Upper Florida Keys (excluding Sugarloaf Key) were collected be-tween 1998 and 2004, and all others were collected between 2012 and 2015. Mountainous Star Coral Orbicella faveolata (Ellis & Solander 1786). Its color is usually pale brown but may be deep brown with fluorescent green highlights. Commonly known Mountainous star coral, colonies of this species are large and can vary considerably in appearance. Orbicella faveolata (Mountainous Star Coral) Orbicella franksi (Boulder Star Coral) Pseudodiploria strigosa (Symmetrical Brain Coral) Stephanocoenia intersepta* (Blushing Star Coral) * gonochoric species. . Ecol Evol. Date Taken: Friday, September 18, 2009. Massive, undulating surface without distinct columns, grayish or yellowish-brown. Caribbean coral reefs are biodiversity-rich habitats which provide numerous ecosystem services with both ecological and economical values, but nowadays they are severely degraded. Produced by the Perry Institute for Marine Science, 2019. Its habitat is a wide range of depths (0.5m to 40m), its most abundant in backreef and forereef between 10 and 20 meters. Beware, the reefs on Bonaire slope down and down and down. The Survival Blueprint provides a status review (information on the distribution, protection status, habitat & ecology, threat and stakeholder analysis) and more information on the action programme listed here. Florent's Guide To The South Florida Reefs - Mountainous Star Coral - Orbicella faveolata - Stony Corals - - Stony Corals - Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida - Orbicella faveolata, commonly known as mountainous star coral, is a colonial stony coral in the family Merulinidae. The colour shows how important each action is considered to be for the conservation of this species. Its color is usually pale brown but may be deep brown with fluorescent green highlights. The protections in the Caribbean would cover 5,900 sq miles (15,000 sq km) of critical habitat for five threatened corals off the coast of Florida, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. This colony of Mountainous Star Coral (Montastraea faveolata) is so large (about 3 feet across) that it must have been growing before the severe bleaching and disease episode in 2005/2006 that caused so much coral mortality on St. John's reefs. This coral varies in size, colour, and shape. 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