Carrickfergus Castle was founded in the late twelfth century by John de Courcy, a young Anglo-Norman knight who led a military expedition into Ulster. Initially de Courcy built the inner ward, a small bailey at the end of the promontory with a high polygonal curtain wall and east gate. T[12]he town largely destroyed by the Scots in 1402. In April 1778, during the American War of Independence, John Paul Jones, in command of the American ship Ranger, attempted to capture a British Royal Navy sloop of war, HMS Drake, moored at Carrickfergus. Carrickfergus Castle: Charged but not allowed - See 894 traveler reviews, 1,056 candid photos, and great deals for Carrickfergus, UK, at Tripadvisor. It is believed to have been attached to St. Mary’s Abbey, also founded by de Courcy for the Premonstratensian Order of monks. It sits on the north shore of Belfast Lough, 11 miles (18 km) from Belfast. NOTE: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Dunluce Castle is ruined medieval castle in Northern Ireland, the seat of Clan McDonnell. The town is part of the Greater Belfast conurbation, being 11 miles (18 km) from Belfast city centre. [10] The castle, which is the most prominent landmark of Carrickfergus, is widely known as one of the best-preserved Norman castles in Ireland. Harry Avery’s Castle is a rare example of a stone castle built by a Gaelic Irish chief. Carrickfergus Castle was built somewhere between 1177 and 1195 by the Anglo Norman lord John de Courcy. It was strategically useful because 3/4 of its perimeter is surrounded by water. [20], During World War II, Northern Ireland was an important military base for United States Naval and Air Operations and a training ground for American G.I.s. Of the Ulster ports on the list, Carrickfergus was first, followed by Bangor, Donaghadee, and Strangford. Local MLAs for the area following the 2017 election are:[26], Since 1 April 2015 Carrickfergus has come under the control of Mid and East Antrim Borough Council. Between 1203 and 1205, De Courcy was ousted from Ulster by another Anglo-Norman knight, Hugh De Lacy. Carrickfergus Castle was built in 3 sections in 10 phases over a long period of time (diagram from Northern Ireland Environment Agency). Carrickfergus Castle is a Norman castle in Northern Ireland, situated in the town of Carrickfergus in County Antrim, on the northern shore of Belfast Lough. Meanwhile, the Andrew Jackson Centre at Boneybefore, Carrickfergus, remains closed due to Covid restrictions. Carrickfergus Castle is one of the best-preserved medieval structures in Northern Ireland and was besieged by the Scottish, native Irish, English, and French. Carrickfergus was built in 1177 as headquarters for John de Courcy. Initially de Courcy built the inner ward, a small bailey at the end of the promontory with a high polygonal curtain wall and east gate. The British peerage title of Baron Carrickfergus, which had become extinct in 1883, was bestowed upon Prince William on his wedding day in 2011. Gill, Dublin 1855 (re-printed 2005, University of Leeds; Learn how and when to remove this template message, Parliamentary constituency of Carrickfergus, List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom, Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland (County Antrim), List of localities in Northern Ireland by population, North-South Ministerial Council 2002 annual report (Ulster-Scots), "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Carrickfergus Settlement", Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, Culture Northern Ireland: A History of Carrickfergus, "Carrickfergus History | The Complete History of Carrick | Part 2 | Carrickfergus History", https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/politics/northern-ireland-constituencies/N06000005, https://www.midandeastantrim.gov.uk/council/about-us/borough-council-map/, https://www.midandeastantrim.gov.uk/council/elections/local-government-elections-2019/dea-results/carrick-castle-dea-2019, https://www.midandeastantrim.gov.uk/council/elections/local-government-elections-2019/dea-results/knockagh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carrickfergus&oldid=991060102, Port cities and towns in Northern Ireland, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Articles needing additional references from April 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. I would swim over the deepest ocean, Diagram from Northern Ireland Environment Agency. John de Courcy started building the castle in the twelfth century after arriving from Dublin determined to establish for himself the earldom of Ulster. Completed in 1615, the walls of Carrickfergus pre-date Londonderry Walls, and around half of the original circuit remains intact and preserved. Carrickfergus Castle. Carrickfergus Castle is Norman castle in Carrickfergus, County Antrim in Northern Ireland. Carrickfergus is said to take its name from Fergus Mór (Fergus the Great), the legendary king of Dál Riata. Carrickfergus Castle. Eight women were charged with bewitching a young girl, and were convicted, despite a strong indication from one of the judges that the jury should acquit. Carrickfergus is covered by the East Antrim constituency, whose MP is Sammy Wilson of the DUP. The castle is one of the best preserved medieval structures in Northern Ireland and was besieged by the Scottish, native Irish, English and French. During the Seven Years' War, in February 1760, the whole town was briefly captured and held to ransom by French troops landed from Francois Thurot's naval squadron, after the defenders ran out of ammunition. He was a Norman knight who arrived in Ireland in 1176 and constructed the castle as his headquarters. On Census day (27 March 2011) there were 27,998 people living in Carrickfergus. John had come to Ireland with Richard de Clare, better known as Strongbow, at the invitation of the former King of Leinster, Diarmait Mac Murchada. The town is said to take its name from Fergus Mór (Fergus the Great), the legendary king of Dál Riata. The castle was built by John de Courcy in 1177, who used it as his base to rule that area of Ulster until he was deposed by fellow Norman, Hugh de Lacy. The famous passenger liner was anchored overnight just off the coast of Carrickfergus, before continuing on its journey. Contact. The first fortifications were constructed here in 1178 by John de Courcy for King Henry, who was in the midst of sending Anglo-Norman invaders to Ireland. Due to the latest COVID-19 restrictions, Carrickfergus Castle is closed to the public until further notice. The First Battalions of the elite US Rangers were activated and based in Sunnylands Camp for their initial training. Answer to: Why was Carrickfergus Castle built? Marine Highway, Carrickfergus BT38 7BG Northern Ireland. A contemporary Elizabethan illustration of Carrickfergus shows ten tower-houses, as well as terraces of single-storey houses, some detached cottages and 70 or more Irish beehive-type huts in the town. Carrickfergus was built in 1177 as headquarters for John de Courcy. [5][9], Carrickfergus became an inhabited town shortly after 1170, when Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy invaded Ulster, established his headquarters in the area and built Carrickfergus Castle on the "rock of Fergus" in 1177. The keep at Carrickfergus was built originally by John de Courcy shortly after 1177. 20.23% were aged under 16 years and 14.73% were aged 65 and over; 51.95% of the usually resident population were female and 48.05% were male; 80.70% were from the Protestant or other Christian community backgrounds and 8.35% were from a Roman Catholic community background; 39 years was the average (median) age of the population; 8.49% had some knowledge of Ulster-Scots and 1.99% had some knowledge of Irish; Kristina Grimes, runner up in the final of the, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 01:34. It’s the largest war memorial in Northern Ireland. He used this Castle as his headquarters after he conquered eastern Ulster. From its strategic position on a rocky promontory, originally almost surrounded by sea, the castle commanded Carrickfergus Bay (late… Nevertheless, the decaying castle withstood several days of siege by the forces of William of Orange in 1689, before surrendering on 28 August. [4] Of these: Carrickfergus railway station opened on 1 October 1862. East Antrim, Northern Ireland(54.716°N 5.809°W), "I wish I was in Carrickfergus, [citation needed]. It was of massive construction and would have been considered the most secure part of the castle. The Castle. De Lacy finished the construction of the castle, building the gatehouse, drum towers and outer ward. The castle is an impressive sight, and even those not planning to visit it but passing through Carrickfergus will spot it on the main road through the town. Carrickfergus Castle is an excellent example of a Norman castle in Northern Ireland. They were sentenced to a year in prison and four sessions in the pillory. It was strategically useful because 3/4 of its perimeter is surrounded by water. Elgin is a town and former cathedral city in Scotland, first documented in 1190 AD. Standing on a rocky spur on the northern shore of Belfast Lough, Carrickfergus Castle dominates all approaches to the town. Carrickfergus Castle (from Carraig Ḟergus or “strong man” in Irish) is a Norman castle in County Antrim, on the northern shore of Belfast Lough. It is situated on the shore of Belfast Lough in the town of Carrickfergus, County Antrim.The castle was built by John de Courcy in 1177. According to one tale, his ship ran aground on a rock by the shore, which became known as "Carraig Fhearghais" – the rock of Fergus. Until his expulsion in 1204, he conquered extensive territory, endowed religious establishments, and built abbeys and strongholds in County Down and County Antrim. We must not linger on the Castle, but touch lightly on the Church. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Eight years later, the Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy invaded Ulster and established his castle on a volcanic dyke at Carrickfergus in 1180. Carrickfergus Castle (Carraig Ḟergus) is a Norman castle in Northern Ireland. Sir John de Courcy (1160–1219) Anglo Norman knight and builder of Carrickfergus Castle; Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster (c. 1176 – c. 1242) Edward Bruce (c. 1280–1319), High King of Ireland and Earl of Carrick, brother to Robert the Bruce, King of Scots. George Petrie: Ancient Music of Ireland, M.H. The historical walled town originally occupied an area of around 97,000 square metres, which now comprises the town centre, bordered by Albert Road to the west, the Marine Highway to the south, Shaftesbury Park to the north and Joymount Presbyterian Church grounds to the east. 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